Phonics

Introduction

At Park View Primary Academy we believe that developing strong reading skills is crucial for the children to develop a love of learning and to be able to access the wider curriculum.

What is Phonics?  

Phonics is the study of sounds. Children are taught to read and write using phonics, linking the phonemes (sounds in words) and graphemes (the symbols used to represent them).

 Here you will find a link to a short clip…

 Phonics is taught across the Early Years Foundation Stage and Key Stage One. For pupils still developing their word reading skills phonics support will continue into Key Stage Two. Phonics is taught daily for around 30 minutes and children will also access group reading sessions to develop their fluency.

 What Phonics programme is used in school?

For the teaching of phonics we use the DfE Letters and Sounds programme. Children are actively taught and supported to use phonics as the prime approach to decoding, avoiding the use of other strategies. Children should not need to resort to guessing or using the pictures or grammatical context.

Below you will find the progression of the programme.

Reception Progression

 

Phase

Phonemes

Tricky Words

Autumn Term

Phase Two

s a t p i n m d g o c k ck e u r h b f, ff l, ll ss

the to I no go

Spring Term

Phase Three

j v w x y z zz qu ch sh th ng ai ee igh oa oo ar or ur ow oi ear air ure er

he she we me be was no go my you they her all are

Summer Term

Teach Phase Four & Consolidate Phase Three & Four

(cvcc & ccvc) examples bend mend hump bent damp spot spin trip glass track speck

said so have like some come were there little one do when out what

 Year 1 Progression

 

Phase

Phonemes

Tricky Words

Autumn Term

Consolidate Phase Three and Four

 Phase Five Part 1 new graphemes

 

  ay ou ie ea oy ir ue aw wh ph ew oe au a-e e-e i-e o-e u-e

 

oh their people Mr Mrs looked called asked

Spring Term

Phase 5 part 2 alternative pronunciations

 

NC Spelling Objectives for Year 1

Alternative pronunciations for graphemes: i fin find o hot cold c cat cent g got giant u but put ow cow blow ie tie field ea eat bread great er farmer her a hat what y yes by very ch chin school chef ou out shoulder could you /zh/ vision visual beige measure

water where who again thought through work mouse many laughed because different any eyes friends once please

Summer Term

Consolidate Phase Five parts 1 and 2

 Phase Five part 3- alternative spellings

 NC Spelling Objectives for Year 1

 

 

 Phonics Screening Check

 What is the Phonics Screening Check?

 The phonics screening check is a quick and easy check of your child’s phonics knowledge. It helps the school confirm whether your child has made the expected progress. It is administered when children are in Year 1 (the month of June). 

 What are ‘non/pseudo-words’?

The check will contain a mix of real words and ‘non-words’ or ‘pseudo-words’ (or ‘nonsense/alien words’). Children will be told before the check that there will be non-words that he or she will not have seen before. Many children will be familiar with this because many schools already use ‘non-words’ when they teach phonics. Non-words are important to include because words such as ‘vap’ or ‘jound’ are new to all children. Children cannot read the non-words by using their memory or vocabulary; they have to use their decoding skills.

 After the check

The school will tell you about your child’s progress in phonics and how he or she has done in the screening check in the last half-term of Year 1.

If your child has found the check difficult, your child’s school should also tell you what support they have put in place to help him or her improve. You might like to ask how you can support your child to take the next step in reading.

Children who have not met the standard in Year 1 will retake the check in Year 2. All children are individuals and develop at different rates. The screening check ensures that teachers understand which children need extra help with phonic decoding.

 You will find a link to a previous Phonics Screening Check below…

 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/phonics-screening-check-2019-materials

 Early Reading Books

At Park View Primary Academy we start children’s reading journey by providing every child that starts in Reception with an amazing book bag package that includes; a book of nursery rhymes, a traditional story and a guide for supporting early phonics and reading at home.

In EYFS and KS1 children will be given a book that allows them to apply their phonics learning. The teacher will ensure that the book is decodable and contains the graphemes and tricky words that are needed to read the text. Your child should be able to read their ‘take home’ book with around 95% fluency, if a child struggles to read the book their comprehension and enjoyment of the text will be compromised.

Children should keep their reading book in their book bag and bring it to school every day. We encourage children to read at home every day.

 Does the school pay for access to a reading site? If so enter the details here

 You can also access free books on Oxford Owl

https://www.oxfordowl.co.uk/for-home/find-a-book/library-page/

 Your child will also bring home a book to read for the purposes of developing their comprehension skills and ensuring children have an enjoyable and rich reading experience. Pupils are encouraged to select a book for themselves which an adult at home may read to them.

Here you will find a link to books online suitable for the age of your child…

https://b3022991-52d0-4c32-a7cc-8541d88859d8.filesusr.com/ugd/df731a_ac410c85cbb44d4280bd3c2255e604d3.pdf