Mathematics is one of the four specific areas within the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS).
Children are provided with opportunities to develop and improve counting skills, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems and to describe shapes, space and measures.

The key areas within Mathematics are: Numbers and Numerical Patterns.


 Children at the expected level of development will:

– Have a deep understanding of number to 10, including the composition of each number;

– Subitise (recognise quantities without counting) up to 5;

– Automatically recall (without reference to rhymes, counting or other aids) number bonds up to 5 (including subtraction facts) and some number bonds to 10, including double facts.

Numerical Patterns

Children at the expected level of development will:

– Verbally count beyond 20, recognising the pattern of the counting system;

– Compare quantities up to 10 in different contexts, recognising when one quantity is greater than, less than or the same as the other quantity;

– Explore and represent patterns within numbers up to 10, including evens and odds, double facts and how quantities can be distributed equally.